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The Worldwide Threat in 2002, annual threat briefing before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, February 6, 2002.

Satellite Coverage

The Washington Post reported 11 December 2002 that "A secret program for developing the next generation of spy satellites is underfunded and behind schedule and could leave the CIA and Pentagon with gaps in satellite coverage". The program is called Future Imagery Architecture (FIA). The Times notes that "The National Reconnaissance Office operates a fleet of satellites thought to consist of three KH-11 Keyhole satellites that take digital pictures, and three Lacrosse satellites that produce radar images."

British Intelligence Agencies

MILNET reports that there are several well known agencies that comprise the British Intelligence community:

MOD: Ministery Of Defense, tasked with military intelligence activities including attaches to British Embassies worldwide, assessment on military topics such as weapons, troop disposition, industrial connections, etc.
Security Service, dubbed MI-5: Reporting in the chain of command to the Home Secretary. Tasked with internal activities including countering espionage, anti-terrorism, as well as preemptive tasks such as watching foreign nationals on British soil.
Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), dubbed MI-6: Tasked with external activities such as covert operations, handling of foreign agents and covert gathering of information.
G.C.H.Q.: Tasked with the interception and de-encryption of SIGINT, including key operations in regions around the world as well from their ideal site in the U.K.

See also Global Security's links to UK intelligence agency information.

US Intelligence Agencies (External)

MILNET reports that the agencies concerned with activity outside the U.S. are:

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
National Reconnaissance Office (NRO)
National Security Agency (NSA)
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)
Defense Mapping Agency (DMA)
Armed Forces Medical Information Center (AFMIC)
Other Armed Forces Intelligence Agencies
Navy Intelligence
Air Force Intelligence
Army Intelligence
Specified Command Intelligence * USSPACECOM


Is an international electronic surveillance network set up by Intelligence agencies in Australia, the U.K., Canada, and the United States. Intelligent Enterprise reports that Echelon reportedly intercepts approximately two million communications per hour and sends the hits to the appropriate intelligence branch of the appropriate member nation. Experts estimate that the National Security Agency (NSA) and other espionage organizations scan as much as 90 percent of all Net traffic. The European Parliament and individual European governments are demanding that U.S. and British intelligence agencies hand over information about Echelon.



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