war and military action
The New York Times reported 19 August 2002 that "American forces recently completed the largest joint war-fighting exercise they have ever held, a three-week, $250 million operation", the exercise was called Millennium Challenge 2002. The NY Times reported that, "In the simulation of a Persian Gulf conflict with a foe that might have been Iran or Iraq but was called merely Red, American forces or Blue suffered unexpected losses from a sneak attack early in the fighting but then emerged victorious."
Lycos reported 16 August 2002 that, "A retired general who commanded "enemy" forces in a recently concluded $250 million U.S. war game says the exercise was rigged so that it appeared to validate new war-fighting concepts it was supposed to test. Paul Van Riper, who headed the Marine Corps Combat Development Command when he retired in 1997 as a three-star general, said he became so frustrated with undue constraints on his command of "enemy" forces that he quit the role midway through Millennium Challenge 2002, which ended Aug. 15." "When the Blue naval forces sailed into the Persian Gulf early in the experiment, Van Riper's forces surrounded the ships with small boats and planes. Much of the Blue force's ships ended up at the bottom of the ocean. Oakley said Joint Forces Command officials had to stop the exercise and "refloat" the fleet in order to continue."
The Daily Telegraph reported 29 August 2002 that "As President Bush approaches a final decision on whether to attack Iraq, his bedside reading has been a new history book which argues that the best war leaders are politicians who harass and overrule their generals. So influential is Supreme Command by Eliot Cohen, it is seen by some as a book that will stiffen the resolve of the president and many of his senior advisers as they whip America's argumentative officer class back into line, after a summer of high-level leaks from generals opposed to war."
The Nature of War today
Jane's reports 13 September 2002 that a new paradigm is emerging post 9/11, "Gen John Jumper, USAF Chief of Staff, has called it "a whole new realm of thinking" and illustrates this new thinking with several examples from the Afghan campaign: how B-52s, designed as strategic Cold War bombers, were operating as close air support aircraft; and how special operations forces (SOF) on horseback were punching in their target co-ordinates on laptops."
found that we are able to do something that we have not been able to do for
a very, very long time and that is to relate air power to troops on the ground,"
said James Roche, Secretary of the USAF."
The British Military
The 2001 Exercise Saif Sareea II in Oman showed that army boots melted in the desert heat, the Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank, for example, needed more air filters, road wheels and track pads than planned to keep it operational, and AS90 self-propelled gun got too hot to use; download UK National Audit Office Report.
26 August 2002 The Daily Telegraph reported that "The Pentagon is planning to use a British weapon that can disable electronic and electrical systems without killing anyone to attack Saddam Hussein's chemical and biological weapons sites. The "radio frequency weapon", or E-Bomb, ... sends out a high-intensity radio wave with similar effects to the electromagnetic pulse from a nuclear blast." The report states that the weapon was developed by the novel technology department of Matra BAe Dynamics.
See also The
E-Bomb - a Weapon of Electrical Mass Destruction Carlo Kopp Department
of Computer Science
Monash University. Download his PowerPoint presentation on the E-Bomb.
The Washington Post 24 May 2002 reported on the conclusioions drawn from the firefight at Takur Ghar mountain came on the third day of Operation Anaconda (4 March 2002). The Washington Post says that, "Close examination of the effort indicates that U.S. intelligence sources failed to detect enemy fighters on the ridge, leaving commanders to assume it was safe. Even after learning otherwise, U.S. military officials dispatched the SEALs back to the ridge where they had first come under fire, rushing them headlong into another ambush. Self and his Rangers then ended up going to the same spot unaware, because of communications equipment glitches, that the SEALs had retreated from the ridgetop. An AC-130 gunship that could have provided covering fire for the Rangers was pulled from the scene just as they arrived because rules prohibited use of the low-flying, slow-moving warplane during daylight. An unmanned Predator drone took live video of the unfolding battle, giving commanders at the operation's command post at Bagram air base about 100 miles to the north and as far away as U.S. Central Command in Tampa real-time images of the firefight. But little of the information it initially gleaned was passed to the troops."
The Worldwide Threat in 2002, annual threat briefing before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, February 6, 2002.